谁能获得国家自然科学基金的资助? 本期目录 >>
Title: Who can receive national nature science research grant
作者 杨勇;达庆利
Author(s): Yang Yong; Da Qingli
摘要: 本文以2007-2011年间20种经济管理学术期刊中学术文章为样本,构建基于文章合作者的学术网络,分析学者的网络位置对其获取管理学部国家自然科学基金资助可能性的影响,研究结果发现:(1)处于网络中心的学者比较容易获取基金资助;(2)富含结构洞的学者要比拥有较少结构洞的学者获得基金资助的可能性更大;(3)学者发表文章的数量也有利于其获得基金资助;(4)获得基金资助的经历提高其再次获得基金资助的可能性;(5)211学校的学者在获取基金资助方面具有明显的优势。(6)处于网络中心位置的学者,发表文章的数量对其获得基金资助的正向作用比较微弱,而远离网络中心位置学者,文章发表的数量对其获得国家自然科学基金资助的影响作用较强。研究结果在一定程度上揭示了获得国家自然科学基金资助学者的特征。
Abstract: It is widely known that more scientific research activity could help to yield rapid social progress. The quality of scientific research is the key to the country's future. Scientific research with the characteristics of public goods is widely regarded as a classic case of market failure. Government should spend public oney on creating research funds to encourage scientific research. NSFC is the major source of funds in the field of management science in China. Because NSFC has a limited amount of funding, it is very competitive for proposers to receive the grant. According to the NSFC website, NSFC receives approximately 4811 proposals of general program projects in the field of management science, of which approximately 764 are funded in 2012. Only 15.88% of proposals are awarded.Receiving the award is an indication of the outstanding quality and expertise of the discipline, the research team or a scientist. An essential element in professional promotion and research performance is to be awarded a grant from the National Nature Science Foundation of China in some universities. This study seeks an answer to the following question: Who can receive the national nature science research grant? Or what is the characteristic of proposers whose proposals is awarded? Academic networks are social networks constructed by connecting actors if they have scientific collaboration or communication. The co-authored is main collaboration pattern of scientific collaboration. Interaction between coauthors frequency would positively influence knowledge creation in the field of both nature science and social science. In this study, we development a co-authorship network based on 20 top economics and management journals from 2007 to 2011. Two measurements of network attributes such as structural hole and centrality are calculated by using pajek program. We construct a new database by matching the characteristics of academic network at individual level to the number of awards by scholars receiving an NSFC award for the period 1999-2013. First, The Probit models are used to estimate the effect of the network position of scholars on the probability of national nature science fund proposal approval. Secondly, we carried out a number of robustness checks on our results. We use the Logit models to verify the contribution of the network position to the chance of receiving the grant. We also consider the sample of scholars who obtain the NSFC grant once to explore whether the results change. Furthermore, the lagged effect of the network position of scholars on the getting the grant are examined. Those results are consistent with previous studies. The final sections are dedicated to conclusions, limitation and future research directions. The main empirical findings can be summarized as follows: (1) Scholars who occupy a central network position are easier to receive the NSFC grant support; (2) Scholars with abundant structural holes have more chance to get NSFC grant than managers with fewer structural holes. (3) Scholars have better chances of success if they have more publications; (4) Scholars who have been supported by NSFC before also improve the possibility of NSFC grant proposal approval. (5)The affiliation with “211” project university has a significant positive impact on scholars’ grant proposal of being approved. (6) The positive effect of publications in obtaining NSFC grant support increases as scholar’s network position decrease. Based on these results, we can predict which kind of network features can help scholars to obtain NSFC grant.
关键词: 国家自然科学基金;合著者;学术网络;网络中心性;结构洞
Keywords: NSFC; co-authorship; Academic Network; Network Centrality; Structural Hole
基金项目: 国家软科学研究计划项目
发表期数: 2017年 第3期
中图分类号: 文献标识码: 文章编号:
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