健壮的分布式组织网络结构设计的建模与仿真分析 本期目录 >>
Title: Modeling and Simulation Analysis on Robust communication network structures of distributed organization
作者 刘海斌;胡斌
Author(s): Haibin Liu; Bin Hu
摘要: 借助Watts的卡夫曼网络结构模型构建了分布式组织的人际交互网络结构模型,然后基于NK模型和组织学习理论给出了学习绩效的运算。通过一系列的仿真实验检查了不同网络结构下的学习绩效。我们发现半隔离的网络结构是一种最优的模式,它能给组织带来较高的学习绩效,同时我们验证了该网络结构在组织规模、学习速度、动荡环境和成员关系变化情况下具有很强的健壮性。我们发现:(1)在动荡的环境下,一定程度的离职有益于组织的学习并能带来比稳定的成员关系还高的绩效,而且半隔离的网络结构比其他结构在减弱成员离职带来的负作用要强;(2)当个体的学习速度在区间[0.5,0.7]时,学习绩效是最高的,小于0.7时,半分隔的结构都是最优的,但是在高于0.7时,组织的学习绩效独立于沟通结构;(3)动态变化环境下,半分隔的组织结构能让组织保持高的长期学习收益;(4)分布式组织的学习绩效随着规模的增大而变小,任何一种规模下,半隔离的网络结构的绩效也都是最高的。
Abstract: With the development of communication and information technology, more and more organizational operation takes on a geographycally dispersed structure. For distributed organizations, if each location can coordinately work together, dispersed work has no difference with the traditional organizational model, while the communication among locations is pivotal to carry out the coordination, therefore we focus on the design of communication structures of distributed organizaitons. Each location not only has its own internal inteation network, but also has the coordinating network among other locations. Thus, forming the Overall communication interaction network structure model of distributed organizations. From the network structure perspective, distributed organizations have the unique pattern. We try to use the simution method to design the optimal personal structure that can give the high performacne. Firstly, we review the existing relevant literatures that are related to this research topic and give the deficiency of the extant researches to lead to the topic concerned by us in our paper. Secondly, we model the interpersonal communication network structures of distributed organizations by virtue of Watts’ caveman model, then we give the calculating organizational learning performance based on NK model and organizaitonal learning theory. We design a series of simulations to examine the performance of different network structures and other factors. Finally, We find that the semi-isolated structures is an optimal model and can give the highest performance to organization. Meanwhile we verified the robustness of this structure in different sizes, learning rates, environmental turbulence and turn overs through a series of simulations. We find that: (1) under environmental turbulence,appropriate turnover benefits organizational learning performance and produce higher performance than the stable membership, moreover no matter the degree of turnover, the semi-isolated network can help weaken the negative effcet and keep organization having a higher relative performance than other structures; (2) when personal learning rate belongs to on interval [0.5,0.7], organizational learning performance is highest, and when the rate is less than 0.7, the semi-isolated network is optimal, however when it is greater than 0.7, organiztional performcan is independent from the communication structures; (3) the semi-isolated network make organization keep the higher performane under no matter dynamical environment; (4) the distributed organizations performance gets low as size grows, no matter what kinds of sizes, performance of the semi-isolated network is the highest.
关键词: 分布式组织;卡夫曼网络;NK模型;组织学习;沟通
Keywords: distributed organizaitons; caveman model; NK model; orgnaizational learning; communication
基金项目: 基于行为模拟与优化的信息化企业组织的孵化研究;紧致化仓储系统的理论与方法研究
发表期数: 2017年 第3期
中图分类号: 文献标识码: 文章编号:
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