基于SVN的BIM技术应用价值流及驱动路径研究 本期目录 >>
Title: Study on the Value Flows and Driver Paths of BIM Technology Application Based on SVN
作者 乐云;郑弦;李永奎;卢昱杰;白居
Author(s): LE Yun; ZHENG Xian; LI Yong-kui; LU Yu-jie; BAI Ju
摘要: 建筑信息模型(Building Information Modeling,简称BIM)是创建并利用数字化模型对建设项目进行设计、建造和运营管理的过程,同时也被视为一种突破性创新技术。当前我国建筑行业BIM采纳率低的主要原因是各方还未完全意识到BIM应用带来的增值效应,亟需从全局和系统的角度分析各方在BIM应用中获得的价值。由于BIM应用的系统性和复杂性,本文基于价值理论和利益相关者价值网络(Stakeholder Value Network,简称SVN)相关方法,提出了BIM技术应用的利益相关者识别、价值流量化、价值路径搜索和价值获取能力分析等方法。以采用DBB交付模式和咨询辅助模式的政府投资项目作为研究对象,构建了包含七类利益相关者和95条价值流的BIM-SVN定量网络,得到了驱动BIM应用的最关键价值路径,通过将SVN模型与传统模型对比,实现了利益相关者的价值获取能力综合评价并得出了各方的BIM应用策略。本研究对SVN方法的应用有利于各方对BIM价值的系统认识,并为BIM驱动策略的制定和实施提供了新视角。
Abstract: Building Information Modeling (BIM) is a process of creating and using digital models for design, construction and/or operations of projects, which is also considered as a disruptive technology. The primary reason for China’s low adoption of BIM technology currently is the lack of recognition by the participants on the added value effect, therefore it is vital to take perceived value of primary stakeholders into account and understand the interrelations between them. In essence, BIM application involves a multitude of stakeholders, among whom there exists multi-type organization relationships, complex value exchange relationships as well as value propagation. Due to the systematization and complexity of BIM application, this paper intended to employ a multi-discipline method, i.e., Stakeholder Value Network (SVN)to research on the value flows and driver paths of BIM technology application. Drawing on stakeholder theory, value theory and relevant approaches of SVN, this paper put forward three core hypotheses, four procedures and methods so as to construct a specific mode of BIM-SVN. The main methods comprise stakeholder identification, value flow quantification, value path searching and analysis of value acquisition ability. Based on the proposed methods, this paper took government investment projects which adopt Design-Bid-Build delivery method and BIM consultant mode as research object, constructing a qualitative BIM-SVN mode containing seven categories of stakeholders and 95 value flow at the onset. Though a two-round Delphi method, 101 BIM experts from distinct participant categories were investigated so as to achieve the score of all value flows and complete the quantitative BIM-SVN mode, then the key value paths to promote the adoption of BIM technology were identified. By comparison of BIM-SVN mode with traditional Hub-and-Spoke mode, a more comprehensive evaluation of value acquisition ability on stakeholders were achieved, thus stakeholders’ strategies for BIM application were proposed, including structural strategy , exchange strategy and integrated strategy. SVN method has been proven to be effective and of great advantageous compared with conventional approaches when extending to research on BIM technology application in construction field. Developing a multi-relation network of BIM technology application is conducive to enhance the systematical and quantitative recognition of BIM value for stakeholders, which provides a new perspective for BIM driven strategy formulation and implementation in China.
关键词: 建筑信息模型;利益相关者价值网络;政府投资项目;驱动路径
Keywords: Building Information Modeling (BIM); Stakeholder Value Network (SVN); government investment projects; driver paths
基金项目: 重大基础设施工程的组织行为与模式创新研究;复杂项目组织能力与任务分配的适应性测度及优化;基于SNA的大型复杂工程项目总控及组织适应性优化研究
发表期数: 2018年 第1期
中图分类号: 文献标识码: 文章编号:
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